Pesky Pests

Doris Power talked about understanding bugs at the April Hort meeting.
According
to Master Gardener, Doris Power, less than 1% of all bugs are “bad”! Throughout
her presentation at the April meeting of the Tweed and District Horticultural
Society, Doris emphasized the importance for
gardeners to develop an understanding of these bugs in our gardens.
She
shared her knowledge about various “bugs” that many of the members have
experienced in their gardens.
        APHIDS…
·      
Produce in masses
·      
Suck sap from plants and transport
diseases to other plants
·      
Ants protect and even move aphids
·      
Look for curling yellow leaves
·      
Remove by hand, prune leaves, blast
from the hose, insect soap are way to get rid of aphids                             
COLORADO
POTATO BUG…
·      
Larvae feast on plants
·      
Eat foliage of tomatoes, potatoes,
eggplant, peppers
·      
Crush egg masses (located on underside
of leaf)
·      
Female can lay 350 eggs from June-late
July
 CUTWORMS…
·      
Vary in size and colour
·      
Come out at night
·      
Place paper rolls around seedlings for
protection
·      
Plant sunflowers around perimeter of
garden to attract cutworms
        EARWIGS…
·      
Important predator to aphids
·      
Like moist shady places
·      
Can destroy vegetable seedlings and
ornamental  plants
·      
Need to be diligent to capture them
 GARDEN SLUGS
and SNAILS…
·      
Like vegetables and tender leaves
·      
Rough sand, copper bands, dry wood
ashes and dishes of beer at ground level(these must be emptied daily) are ways
to get rid of these pests
        4-LEGGED PESTS…
·      
Moles, skunks, squirrels, chipmunks,
deer, dogs and cats
·      
Fencing, human hair, orange peel (for
cats), live trapping (check municipal bylaws)
·      
Certain plants that animals avoid
….rabbits-rosemary, lavender
                                 
…squirrels-daffodils wrapped in mesh bags, chicken wire and mulch in
top 
                                  
…deer-spruce, baby’s breath, snowdrops,
daffodils, snap dragon, dusty miller
Doris
also suggested planting marigold plants as they deter many insects and basil to
protect tomato plants…plant these throughout the garden.  Soil preparation, crop rotation, plant
diversity, weeding, removing diseased leaves and plants, using pollinators and recording
keeping are all ways to control these pests that all gardeners talk about!!!
COMING
UP….
 May 3…Dawn Golloher from Gardens Plus will discuss easy
care perennials and this year’s hot new plants. Bring your money as there will
be plants for sale!
 May 21…Annual Plant Sale
at Tweed Memorial Park @ 8 am.
Plant
material for the sale should be there by 7am. Please label plants.
 May 31 @ 5:30 pm…Planting the flower beds and planters
in town. Meet in the parking lot across from Valumart.
GENERAL
INTEREST EVENTS…
 May 7…District 3 Spring AGM

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